Sharing an Object

Scenarios

You can share temporary URLs of your objects with others for them to access your objects stored in OBS.

Background Information

File sharing is temporary. All sharing URLs are only valid for a limited period of time.

A temporary URL consists of the access domain name and the temporary authentication information of a file.

The temporary authentication information contains the AccessKeyId, Expires, x-obs-security-token, and Signature parameters. AccessKeyId, x-obs-security-token, and Signature are used for authentication. The Expires parameter specifies the validity period of the authentication.

After an object is shared on OBS Console, the system will generate a URL that contains the temporary authentication information, valid for five minutes since its generation by default. Each time you change the validity period of a URL, OBS obtains the authentication information again to generate a new URL for sharing, which takes effect since the time when the validity period is changed.

Limitations and Constraints

  • An object shared from OBS Console can be valid for one minute to 18 hours. If you need a longer validity period for a shared object, use the client tool OBS Browser+ that supports a validity period from one minute to 30 days. Or, you can configure a bucket policy or object policy to grant the access permissions of an object to other users permanently.

  • Only buckets of version 3.0 support file sharing. You can view the bucket version in the Basic Information area on the Overview page of a bucket.

  • Encrypted objects cannot be shared.

  • To share a cold object, restore it first.

Procedure

  1. In the bucket list, click the bucket you want to operate. The Overview page is displayed.

  2. In the navigation pane, choose Objects.

  3. Locate the file to be shared and click Share in the Operation column.

    Once the Share File dialog box is opened, the URL is effective and valid for five minutes by default. If you change the validity period, the authentication information in the URL changes accordingly, and the URL's new validity period starts upon the change.

    **Figure 1** Sharing a file

    Figure 1 Sharing a file

  4. Operate the URL as follows:

    • Click Open URL to preview the file on a new page or directly download it to your default download path.

    • Click Copy Link to share the link to others for them to access this file using a browser.

    • Click Copy Path to share the file path to users who have access permissions to the bucket. The users then can search for the file by pasting the shared path to the search box of the bucket.

    Note

    Within the URL validity period, anyone who has the URL can access the file.