Full text search functionality includes the ability to do many more things: skip indexing certain words (stop words), process synonyms, and use sophisticated parsing, for example, parse based on more than just white space. This functionality is controlled by text search configurations. DWS comes with predefined configurations for many languages, and you can easily create your own configurations. (The \dF command of gsql shows all available configurations.)
During installation an appropriate configuration is selected and default_text_search_config is set accordingly in postgresql.conf. If you are using the same text search configuration for the entire cluster you can use the value in postgresql.conf. To use different configurations throughout the cluster but the same configuration within any one database, use ALTER DATABASE ... SET. Otherwise, you can set default_text_search_config in each session.
Each text search function that depends on a configuration has an optional argument, so that the configuration to use can be specified explicitly. default_text_search_config is used only when this argument is omitted.
To make it easier to build custom text search configurations, a configuration is built up from simpler database objects. DWS's text search facility provides the following types of configuration-related database objects: