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Row Expressions

Syntax:

row_constructor operator row_constructor

Both sides of the row expression are row constructors. The values of both rows must have the same number of fields and they are compared with each other. The row comparison allows operators including =, <>, <, <=, and >= or a similar operator.

The use of operators =<> is slightly different from other operators. If all fields of two rows are not empty and equal, the two rows are equal. If any field in two rows is not empty and not equal, the two rows are not equal. Otherwise, the comparison result is null.

For operators <, <=, >, and > =, the fields in rows are compared from left to right until a pair of fields that are not equal or are empty are detected. If the pair of fields contains at least one null value, the comparison result is null. Otherwise, the comparison result of this pair of fields is the final result.

For example:

SELECT ROW(1,2,NULL) < ROW(1,3,0) AS RESULT;
  result
----------
 t
(1 row)