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  4. Query Performance Optimization
  5. Tuning Queries
  6. Adjusting Key Parameters During SQL Tuning

Adjusting Key Parameters During SQL Tuning

This section introduces key CN parameters that affect optimization of SQL statements in DWS. For details about the parameter configuration method, see the Database Parameter section.

Table 1 CN parameters

Parameter/Reference Value

Description

enable_nestloop=off

Specifies how the optimizer uses Nest Loop Join. If this parameter is set to on, the optimizer preferentially uses Nest Loop Join. If it is set to off, the optimizer preferentially uses other methods, if any.

NOTE:

If you only want to temporarily change the value of this parameter during the current database connection (that is, the current session), run the following SQL statement:

SET enable_nestloop to on;

By default, this parameter is set to off. Change the value as required. Generally, if the internal table of the Nest Loop can use indexes, you can set the parameter to on.

enable_bitmapscan=on

Specifies whether the optimizer uses bitmap scanning. If the value is on, bitmap scanning is used. If the value is off, it is not used.

NOTE:

If you only want to temporarily change the value of this parameter during the current database connection (that is, the current session), run the following SQL statement:

SET enable_bitmapscan to off;

The bitmap scanning applies only in the query condition where a > 1 and b > 1 and indexes are created on columns a and b. During performance tuning, if the query performance is poor and bitmapscan operators are in the execution plan, set this parameter to off and check whether the performance is improved.

enable_fast_query_shipping=on

Specifies whether the optimizer uses a distribution framework. If the value is on, the execution plan is generated on both CNs and DNs. If the value is off, the distribution framework is used, that is, the execution plan is generated on the CNs and then sent to DNs for execution.

NOTE:

If you only want to temporarily change the value of this parameter during the current database connection (that is, the current session), run the following SQL statement:

SET enable_fast_query_shipping to off;

enable_hashagg=on

Specifies whether to enable the optimizer's use of Hash-aggregation plan types.

enable_hashjoin=on

Specifies whether to enable the optimizer's use of Hash-join plan types.

enable_mergejoin=on

Specifies whether to enable the optimizer's use of Hash-merge plan types.

enable_indexscan=on

Specifies whether to enable the optimizer's use of index-scan plan types.

enable_indexonlyscan=on

Specifies whether to enable the optimizer's use of index-only-scan plan types.

enable_seqscan=on

Specifies whether the optimizer uses bitmap scanning. It is impossible to suppress sequential scans entirely, but setting this variable to off allows the optimizer to preferentially choose other methods if available.

enable_sort=on

Specifies the optimizer sorts. It is impossible to fully suppress explicit sorts, but setting this variable to off allows the optimizer to preferentially choose other methods if available.

enable_broadcast=on

Specifies whether enable the optimizer's use of data broadcast. In data broadcast, a large amount of data is transferred on the network. When the number of transmission nodes (stream) is large and the estimation is inaccurate, set this parameter to off and check whether the performance is improved.