Changing the OS

Scenarios

Changing an ECS OS will change the system disk attached to the ECS. After the change, the system disk ID of the ECS will be changed, and the original system disk will be deleted.

If the OS running on an ECS cannot meet service requirements, change the ECS OS.

The cloud platform supports changing between image types (public images, private images, and shared images) and between OSs. You can change your OS by changing your ECS image.

Constraints

  • The EVS disk quota must be greater than 0.

  • If an ECS OS is to be changed using a full-ECS image, the ECS system disk can be encrypted.

Notes

  • After the OS is changed, the original OS is not retained, and the original system disk is deleted, including the data in all partitions of the system disk.

  • Back up data before changing the OS.

  • Changing the OS does not affect data in data disks.

  • After the OS is changed, your service running environment must be deployed in the new OS again.

  • After the OS is changed, the ECS will be automatically started.

  • After the OS is changed, the system disk type of the ECS cannot be changed.

  • After the OS is changed, the IP and MAC addresses of the ECS remain unchanged.

  • After the OS is changed, customized configurations, such as DNS and hostname of the original OS will be reset and require reconfiguration.

  • It takes about 10 to 20 minutes to change the OS. During this process, the ECS is in Changing OS state.

  • Do not perform any operations on the ECS immediately after its OS is changed. Wait for several minutes until the system successfully injects the password or key. Otherwise, the injection may fail, and the ECS cannot be logged in to.

  • After the OS is changed, the password for logging in to the ECS is reset. To retrieve the password, perform the following operations:

  • The system disk capacity of an ECS with OS changed may change because the system disk capacity specified by the image of the changed OS may be changed.

  • You can choose to encrypt the system disk of an ECS during OS change.

Notes on Change Between Windows and Linux

Change between different OSs indicates that the OS is changed between Windows and Linux.

  • To change Windows to Linux, install an NTFS partition tool, such as NTFS-3G for data reads and writes on the Windows ECS.

  • To change Linux to Windows, install software, such as Ext2Read or Ext2Fsd to identify ext3 or ext4.

    Note

    If there are LVM partitions on the Linux ECS, these partitions may fail after the OS is changed to Windows. Therefore, a change from Linux to Windows is not recommended.

Prerequisites

  • The target ECS is stopped.

  • The target ECS has a system disk attached.

  • Necessary data has been backed up. (Changing the OS clears the data in all partitions of the system disk, including the system partition.)

  • If the original ECS uses password authentication while the new ECS uses key pair authentication, ensure that a key pair is available.

  • If you plan to use a private image to change the OS, ensure that a private image is available. For details about how to create a private image, see Image Management Service User Guide.

    • If the image of an ECS is required, make sure that a private image has been created using the ECS.

    • If a local image file is required, make sure that the image file has been imported to the cloud platform and registered as a private image.

    • If a private image from another region is required, make sure that the image has been copied.

    • If a private image from another user account is required, make sure that the image has been shared with you.

Procedure

  1. Log in to the management console.

  2. Click image1 in the upper left corner and select your region and project.

  3. Under Computing, click Elastic Cloud Server.

  4. Locate the row containing the target ECS and choose More > Manage Image/Disk/Backup > Change OS in the Operation.

    Only stopped ECSs support OS changing. If the ECS is not stopped, stop it before proceeding with changing.

  5. Modify related ECS parameters, such as Image Type and Image, based on service requirements.

    For more details, see Creating an ECS.

  6. (Optional) Select the Encryption option to encrypt the system disk during OS change.

    To enable encryption, click Create Xrole to assign KMS access permissions to EVS. If you have rights granting permission, assign the KMS access permissions to EVS. If you do not have the permission, contact the user having the security administrator rights to assign the KMS access permissions. For details, see Can All Users Use the Encryption Feature?

    Encryption parameters are as follows:

    • Encryption: indicates that the EVS disk has been encrypted.

    • Create Xrole: assigns KMS access permissions to EVS to obtain KMS keys. After the permissions are assigned, follow-up operations do not require assigning permissions again.

    • Xrole Name: EVSAccessKMS: specifies that permissions have been assigned to EVS to obtain KMS keys for encrypting or decrypting EVS disks.

    • KMS Key Name: specifies the name of the key used by the encrypted EVS disk. You can select an existing key, or click Create KMS Key and create a new one on the KMS console. The default value is evs/default.

    • KMS Key ID: specifies the ID of the key used by the encrypted data disk.

  7. (Optional) Select a License Type (Use license from the system or Bring your own license (BYOL)) if the changed OS running on your ECS is billed. For more details, see License Types.

    The following OSs are billed:

    • SUSE Linux Enterprise Server

    • Oracle Enterprise Linux

    • Red Hat Enterprise Linux

  8. Configure the login mode.

    If the target ECS uses key pair authentication, you can replace the original key pair.

  9. Click OK.

  10. On the Change ECS OS page, confirm the specifications, and click Submit.

    After the application is submitted, the status Changing OS is displayed. When this status disappears, the OS change is complete.

    Note

    A temporary ECS is created during the OS changing process. After the process is complete, this ECS will be automatically deleted.

Follow-up Procedure

  • If the OSs before and after the OS change are both Linux, and automatic mounting upon system startup has been enabled for data disks, the data disk partition mounting information will be lost after the OS is changed. In such a case, you need to update the /etc/fstab configuration.

    1. Write the new partition information into /etc/fstab.

      It is a good practice to back up the /etc/fstab file before writing data into it.

      To enable automatic partition mounting upon system startup, see Initializing a Linux Data Disk (fdisk).

    2. Mount the partition so that you can use the data disk.

      mount Disk partition Device name

    3. Check the mount result.

      df -TH

  • If the OS change is unsuccessful, perform steps 3 to 10 again to retry the OS change.

  • If the second OS change attempt is unsuccessful, contact customer service for manual recovery at the backend.