Why the Tasks Executed by an Ordinary User Are Slower Than That Executed by the dbadmin User?

The execution speed of an ordinary user is slower than that of the dbadmin user in the following scenarios:

Scenario 1: Ordinary users are subject to resource management.

Ordinary users queuing: waiting in queue/waiting in global queue/waiting in ccn queue

  1. Ordinary users will be waiting in queue/waiting in global queue when the number of active statements exceeds the value of max_active_statements. While administrators do not need to queue.

    You can increase the value of this parameter or clear some statements to avoid queuing.

    Change the value of max_active_statements on the management console.

    1. Log in to the GaussDB(DWS) management console.

    2. In the navigation pane on the left, click Clusters.

    3. In the cluster list, find the target cluster and click the cluster name. The Basic Information page is displayed.

    4. Go to the Parameter Modifications page of the cluster, search for the max_active_statements parameter, change its value, and click Save.

  2. It takes a long time for ordinary users to wait in the ccn queue. When dynamic resource management is enabled (enable_dynamic_workload is set to on), if the concurrency is high and the available memory is small, ordinary users may get into this state when executing statements. Administrators are not controlled. You can stop some statements or increase the memory parameter value. If the memory usage of each DN is not high, you can disable the dynamic resource management parameter enable_dynamic_workload by setting it to off.

Scenario 2: The OR condition in the execution plan checks the statements executed by common users one by one. This consumes a lot of time.

The OR conditions in the execution plans contain permission-related checks. This scenario usually occurs when the system view is used. For example, in the following SQL statement:

SELECT distinct(dtp.table_name),
 ta.table_catalog,
 ta.table_schema,
 ta.table_name,
 ta.table_type
from information_schema.tables ta left outer join DBA_TAB_PARTITIONS dtp
on (dtp.schema = ta.table_schema and dtp.table_name = ta.table_name)
where ta.table_schema = 'public';

Part of the execution plan is as follows:

image1

In the system view, the OR condition is used for permission check.

pg_has_role(c.relowner, 'USAGE'::text) OR has_table_privilege(c.oid, 'SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE, TRUNCATE, REFERENCES, TRIGGER'::text) OR has_any_column_privilege(c.oid, 'SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE, REFERENCES'::text)

true is always returned for pg_has_role of the dbadmin use. Therefore, the conditions after OR do not need to be checked.

While the OR conditions of an ordinary user need to be checked one by one. If there are a large number of tables in the database, the execution time of the ordinary user is longer than that of the dbadmin user.

In this scenario, if the number of output result sets is small, you can set set enable_hashjoin and enable_seqscan to off, to use the index+nestloop plan.

Scenario 3: The resource pools allocated to ordinary users and administrators are different.

Run the following command to check whether the resource pools corresponding to an ordinary user are the same as that of the administrator user. If they are different, check whether the tenant resources allocated to the two users are different.

select * from pg_user;